Graham Hall and Guy Cook
In this research paper Graham Hall and Guy Cook explore teacher attitudes to own-language use in the classroom. They conducted a global survey and interviews with practising teachers. They found evidence of widespread own-language use within ELT, and suggest that teachers’ attitudes towards own-language use, and their classroom practices, are more complex than usually acknowledged.

The findings also suggest that there is a potential gap between mainstream ELT literature and teachers’ practices on the ground.

This publication is free to download.

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